By F. Delazar. Lee University. 2019.
E x t r a c t io n o f u n c o n ju g a te d o e s t r i o l w it h d i e t h y l e t h e r i s u n n e c e s s a r y generic forzest 20mg without a prescription erectile dysfunction remedies, h o w e v e r purchase discount forzest line erectile dysfunction treatment surgery, s i n c e t h e o e s t r i o l c o n j u g a t e s buy 20 mg forzest amex erectile dysfunction treatment exercise, w h ic h c o n s t i t u t e t h e m a jo r f r a c t i o n o f p la sm a t o t a l o e s t r i o l , a r e n o t p r e s e n t i n s a l i v a i n s i g n i f i c a n t c o n c e n t r a t i o n s. M e a su r e m e n ts o f u n c o n j u g a t e d o e s t r i o l i n d i e t h y l e t h e r e x t r a c t s o f a s e r i e s o f d i l u t i o n s o f p o o le d s a l i v a s a m p le s sh o w ed n o s i g n i f i c a n t d e c r e a s e s i n m e a su r e d o e s t r i o l c o n c e n t r a t i o n s w hen co m p a red w it h t h o s e o b t a in e d u s in g t h e d i r e c t a s s a y. C o l i , from S ig m a , L on d on ) p r o d u c e d n o i n c r e a s e i n m e a su r e d o e s t r i o l c o n c e n t r a t i o n s ( F ig. T h is s i m p l e , d i r e c t a s s a y h a s now b e e n i n r e g u la r u s e f o r s i x m o n th s an d sh o w s i n t e r - an d i n t r a - a s s a y c o e f f i c i e n t s o f v a r i a t i o n o f l e s s th a n 9% i n a p p r o p r i a t e lo w , m edium an d h ig h q u a l i t y c o n t r o l s. R e a g e n t s , a t t h e sam e c o n c e n t r a t i o n s an d i n t h e sam e p r o p o r t io n s a s t h e m a n u a l a s s a y , a r e a s p i r a t e d , m ix e d an d pum ped th r o u g h a t h i r t e e n m in u te in c u b a t io n c o i l. S e p a r a t io n o f t h e b o u n d an d f r e e f r a c t i o n s t a k e s p l a c e b y m ean s o f a p o ly c a r b o n a t e m em b ran e. A s p i r a t i o n o f s a l i v a sa m p le o r s t a n d a r d f o r 60 s e c o n d s i s f o llo w e d b y 6 0 s e c o n d s o f w a s h , an d t h i s g i v e s a th r o u g h p u t r a t e o f 30 s a m p le s p e r h o u r w it h an a c c e p t a b l e sa m p le c a r r y o v e r o f <2%. F ig u r e 2 i l l u s t r a t e s d o s e r e s p o n s e c u r v e s an d p r e c i s o n p r o f i l e s o b t a in e d u s in g t h e sam e r e a g e n t s f o r t h e m a n u a l a s s a y an d t h e a u to m a te d a s s a y. A s e r i e s o f s i x s t a n d a r d c u r v e s w as g e n e r a t e d u s in g t h e a u t o m a te d s y s te m an d co m p a red w it h s i x c u r v e s p r o d u c e d u s in g t h e m a n u a l a s s a y. M eans w e r e p l o t t e d f o r t h e r e s p o n s e m e ta m e te r (B /B 0 ) a t e a c h f i x e d p o i n t in t h e s t a n d a r d c u r v e s an d t h e c o e f f i c i e n t s o f v a r i a t i o n w e r e c a l c u l a t e d. T he a u to m a te d a s s a y sh o w s a lo w e r p o t e n t i a l s e n s i t i v i t y (1 2 p g / t u b e , 0. S im ila r p r e c i s i o n p r o f i l e s w e r e o b t a in e d f o r t h e a u to m a te d an d m a n u a l a s s a y s. D e t e r m in a t io n s o f s a l i v a r y o e s t r i o l u s in g t h e a u to m a te d an d m an u a l m e th o d s sh ow a v e r y g o o d c o r r e l a t i o n ( r = 0. A lth o u g h t h e a u to m a te d s y s t e m h a s an a d e q u a te p e r fo r m a n c e i n i t s p r e s e n t fo r m , i t i s l i m i t e d i n s e n s i t i v i t y b y t h e r e q u ir e m e n t f o r c o u n t in g t h e u n b ou n d r a d i o l i g a n d f r a c t i o n. I t w as c o n s id e r e d a p p r o p r ia t e t o e s t a b l i s h : ( i ) t h e r e l a t i o n s h i p b e tw e e n p la s m a an d s a l i v a r y u n c o n ju g a te d o e s t r i o l c o n c e n t r a t i o n s , ( i i ) t h e s h o r t te r m ( h o u r ly ) a n d d a i l y v a r i a t i o n s in s a l i v a r y o e s t r i o l c o n c e n t r a t i o n s , ( i i i ) a p r o v i s i o n a l n o rm a l r a n g e f o r s a l i v a r y o e s t r i o l c o n c e n t r a t i o n s. S a l i v a r y o e s t r i o l c o n c e n t r a t i o n s w e r e d e te r m in e d b y t h e d i r e c t , s o l i d - p h a s e m e th o d. P la sm a a l i q u o t s (2 0 0 pL) w e r e e x t r a c t e d w it h d i e t h y l e t h e r (5 mL). E v a p o r a te d e x t r a c t s w e r e r e d i s s o l v e d i n a s s a y b u f f e r (1 mL) an d a l i q u o t s (2 0 0 yL) w e r e a s s a y e d a s d e s c r ib e d f o r s a l i v a s a m p le s. T h e s e r e s u l t s a r e i n g o o d a g r e e m e n t w it h t h o s e r e p o r t e d b y o t h e r w o r k e r s [ 2 , 1 0 ]. T he m ean i n d i v i d u a l v a r i a t i o n o v e r t h i s p e r io d w as 1 4. D a ily v a r i a t i o n s i n s a l i v a r y o e s t r i o l c o n c e n t r a t i o n s w e r e e x p r e s s e d a s p e r c e n t a g e d e c r e a s e s o r i n c r e a s e s co m p a red w it h t h e m ean o f t h r e e p r e c e d in g d e t e r m in a t io n s. T he m ean d a i l y d e c r e a s e s and i n c r e a s e s i n s a l i v a r y o e s t r i o l c o n c e n t r a t i o n s , m e a su r e d i n e i g h t n o rm a l women c o l l e c t i n g d u r in g t h e l a s t t h r e e w e e k s o f p r e g n a n c y , w e r e 17. O f t h e s e 1 5 1 d a i l y d e t e r m in a t io n s t h e r e w e r e f o u r o c c a s i o n s (2. T h e s e f i g u r e s co m p a re som ew h at u n f a v o u r a b ly w it h d a i l y v a r i a t i o n s i n p la sm a u n c o n ju g a te d o e s t r i o l c o n c e n t r a t i o n s r e p o r t e d b y o t h e r w o r k e r s [ 1 2 , 1 3 ]. Our o b s e r v a t i o n s s u g g e s t , h o w e v e r , t h a t i n d i v i d u a l p a t i e n t s sh ow g r e a t d i f f e r e n c e s i n t h e d e g r e e t o w h ic h t h e i r s a l i v a r y o e s t r i o l c o n c e n t r a t io n s v a r y from d ay t o d a y , and i t may b e im p o r ta n t t o a s s e s s t h e s i g n i f i c a n c e o f a p a r t i c u l a r f a l l i n s a l i v a r y o e s t r i o l c o n c e n t r a t io n i n te r m s o f t h e d a i l y v a r i a t i o n show n b y t h a t p a t i e n t. F ig u r e 5 sh o w s t h e g e o m e t r i c a l m ean c o n c e n t r a t io n s o f s a l i v a r y u n c o n j u g a t e d o e s t r i o l d u r in g t h e 3 0 th t o 4 0 th w e e k s o f g e s t a t i o n. Comparison of the normal range for third trimester salivary oestriol obtained in this study (oj with that reported by Fischer-Rasmussen et al. H ow ever i t r e m a in s t o b e show n b y m ean s o f p r o s p e c t i v e s t u d i e s t h a t t h e m e a su r e m e n t o f o e s t r o g e n c o n c e n t r a t i o n s in t h e t h i r d t r i m e s t e r w i l l p r o v id e d a t a t o h e lp t h e o b s t e t r i c i a n t o d e te r m in e t h e t im in g o f d e l i v e r y i n a p a t i e n t i n whom t h e f o e t u s i s a t r i s k [ 14]. The c o n t r o v e r s y c o n c e r n in g t h e c l i n i c a l u s e f u l n e s s o f o e s t r o g e n d e t e r m in a t io n s i s u n l i k e l y t o b e r e s o l v e d u n l e s s s a m p le s a r e ta k e n a t m ore f r e q u e n t i n t e r v a l s , w it h i n d i v i d u a l p r o f i l e s o f o e s t r o g e n l e v e l s b e in g c o n s t r u c t e d th r o u g h o u t t h e t h i r d t r i m e s t e r [ 15]. T h is s tu d y sh o w s t h a t s a l i v a r y o e s t r i o l d e t e r m in a t io n s p r o v id e a u s e f u l a l t e r n a t i v e t o p la sm a u n c o n ju g a te d o e s t r i o l m e a s u r e m e n ts. S p e c i f i c a n t i s e r a f o r r a d io im m u n o a ssa y o f e s t r o n e , e s t r a d i o l - 1 7 ß , an d e s t r i o l , S t e r o i d s _29 (1977) 4 6 1. N orm al c o n c e n t r a t i o n s , d iu r n a l a n d /o r e p i s o d i c v a r i a t i o n s , an d d a y - t o - d a y c h a n g e s i n u n c o n ju g a te d an d t o t a l e s t r i o l i n l a t e p r e g n a n c y p la s m a , Am. Truran indicated that oestriol produced in the foeto-placental unit reached the saliva by way of the maternal bloodstream. The salivary oestriol level thus reflected the plasma level and, considering the circuitous route involved, was remarkably constant. There was a small diurnal variation, with highest levels in the evening; for convenience, samples were collected in the morning. Matched specimens of parotid fluid and saliva, the former obtained with a Carlson-Crittenden catheterization device, taken at 15-min intervals over several hours had shown no significant differences in oestriol level. Maximal stimulation of flow with citric acid had likewise produced no significant change in level. He emphasized, however, that the relative clinical utility of plasma, salivary and urinary oestriol measurements had still to be established. Simple and rapid assays for measuring progesterone and oestradioi in saliva are reported. These assays utilize 12sI-labelled hormones and appear to be of adequate specificity and repro ducibility for use in clinical practice. Oestradiol levels were around 3,13 and 7 pmol/L in the follicular phase, periovulatory period and mid-luteal phase, respectively. Progesterone concentrations were around 110 pmol/L in the periovulatory period and 440 pmol/L in the mid-luteal phase. There was no consistent numerical correlation between concentrations of steroid in serum and saliva but changes in saliva concentra tion reflected those seen in plasma or serum. Oestradiol levels in saliva appeared to be related to the dialysable (‘free’) levels in serum. These may be connected with circadian or menstrual periodicity, or may be caused by the use of dynamic stimulation or suppression tests. The assay of steroids in saliva is becoming a popular alternative to their assay in plasma or serum (1,2,3,4) because the collection of saliva samples is simple, non-invasive, and allows frequent sampling without the need for intervention by medical or paramedical personnel. Assays for hormones in saliva are ideal for use in countries where access to medical facilities is limited and where serial measurements are required for diagnosis or research. Assays for the detection of progesterone and oestradiol in saliva have already been reported (4,6,7) but these published methods require relatively large volumes of sample and involve a solvent extraction step in order to concentrate the steroid. The methods developed in this study utilise iodohistamine labelled hormones and are simple, rapid and able to measure progesterone or oestradiol directly in unextracted saliva. Sample collection and preparation Saliva samples were collected from volunteers with normal menstrual histories.
Isolations have been rare order forzest 20mg without prescription erectile dysfunction circumcision, and the importance of the majority of the strains is unknown cheap forzest 20 mg line erectile dysfunction caused by vasectomy. With intensified aviculture forzest 20mg low cost erectile dysfunction doctors near me, increased farm sizes and population densities on these farms, more problems with mycoplasmatales can be expected. Damage to the respiratory tract caused by increased dust, dry-heated air and respiratory viral infections predispose birds to mycoplasma infections. Most infec- tious diseases are less of a problem in birds maintained in low Mycoplasmatales density outdoor breeding facilities (reprinted with permission J Assoc Avian Vet). The host spectrum of the mycoplasmatales is rather transmission rate is low (between 0. Infected breeders may be asympto- various mycoplasmatales have similar biochemical matic. Close contact is the primary mode of transmis- properties and serologically cross-react with other sion in neonates. Offspring feeding on contaminated species of the order, creating a high number of false- crop regurgitations (eg, crop milk in pigeons) may positive results (low specificity). Because these en- zymes are phylogenetically old and highly conserved, Primary pathogenic strains, ie, strains that can dam- they do not vary much between genera. Physical meth- age epithelial cells and cause disease without addi- ods such as electrophoresis (combined with blot meth- tional factors, have to be distinguished from secon- ods) are more reliable than serologic methods for differ- dary pathogenic strains that need predamaged entiating between species or strains. Mycoplasmatales preferably colonize the mucosa of the respiratory and the genital tracts. Transmission Strains capable of inducing systemic infections can Mycoplasmatales are relatively low in infectivity. Infections start with Close contact between individuals is necessary for the adsorption of the organism to the surface of host transmission, and infections are most common in cells (including erythrocytes with hemagglutinating dense populations (Figure 38. Multiplication takes place on the cell sur- genital tracts are the primary portals of entrance. Because the by the gonads of both sexes as well as hematologically agent may be hidden in the recesses of the host cell through the body. Infected air sacs can lead to contact membrane, it can remain rather inaccessible by transmission of the ovary (and developing follicle). As a Transovarian transmission is epornitically impor- consequence, only negligible amounts of humoral an- tant, although in clinically healthy breeders, the egg tibodies, if any, are produced. Turkey, Jungle Bush Quail Respiratory signs Unidentified Severe Macaw, Cockatoo spp. Saker Falcon, Peregrine Falcon, Prairie Falcon, Rough- Synovitis, air sacculitis, catarrhal tracheitis, legged Buzzard, Common Buzzard, Griffon Vulture,31 serofibrinous pneumonia, sitting on paralyzed hocks, Common Kestrel One type Phasianinae See text Several types? Clini- Depending on the virulence of the strain in question, cal signs are most common in large groups of chicks cellular damage may be caused at the site of coloni- at the age of two to eight weeks. A seasonal peak can be observed between mation and activation of the cell-mediated defense June and August. Deterio- Many mycoplasmatales cause transformation of the ration of the general condition, photophobia and host lymphoblasts (mainly T-cells) by excreting a swelling of the eyelids are followed by exudation, mutagenic substance. Affected cells function improp- blepharoconjunctivitis and sometimes keratitis; ap- erly and there is a severe proliferation of immature proximately 25% of the corneal surface is affected. Voluminous expansion of the infraorbital sinus, tered lymph follicles can appear similar to those which contains only a small amount of exudate, may described for lymphoma. Birds are frequently dyspneic, particu- are cytotoxins (exotoxins, H2O2) and polysaccharides. At postmortem, the air sacs may Triggering factors for mycoplasmatales are imma- 13 be mildly inflamed or grossly normal. Isolation of the organism is possible a flock outbreak creates a high variability in clinical from the trachea, lung and brain for weeks post-in- and pathologic changes. Infections derived from contact with infected chickens or egg transmis- Incubation Period sion have been documented. Dyspnea and anorexia have of environmental factors make the determination of been observed. Phasianinae Mycoplasma are resistant to antibiotics that inhibit cell wall development (eg, penicillins, cephalosporins, bacitracin and The Common Pheasant and its subspecies, Crossop- sulfonamides). Organisms mon Pheasant, which is typically maintained in large within host excretions are protected from contact with the disinfectant. The strains of mycoplasma that are infectious before disinfecting procedures are effective. Affected birds develop infections clinically or pathologically from the lesions that oc- that are similar to those seen in pheasants, but there cur in chickens and turkeys. Birds up to 11 weeks of and turkeys, affected guineafowl (including experi- age show a swelling of the infraorbital sinuses which, mentally infected birds) developed severe amyloi- in contrast to pheasants, are filled with a fibrinous, dosis and did not develop sinusitis. Free-ranging Red- from guineafowl are more virulent for guineafowl legged Partridge usually develop clinical disease in than for chickens. Isolates are assumed to be iden- tical to strains removed from pheasants and other Domestic Duck partridges. A variety of Mycoplasma and Acholeplasma strains can be isolated from domestic ducks. In the few iso- Rock Partridge lates that have been evaluated experimentally, Disease has been described only in chicks and not in pathogenicity is limited to mild respiratory lesions, the respective breeding flock. Isolates as- zootic rhinitis, sinusitis, conjunctivitis and lacrima- sumed to be M. Experimen- Affected birds are lethargic, shake their heads to tally, the clinical disease can be produced using M. Most of the Mycoplasma and Acholeplasma strains described are capable of causing increased embryonic mortality. Domestic Goose Geese suffering from cloacitis and necrosis of the phallus were found to be infected with mixed cultures of M. Phallus lesions are characterized by serofibrinous inflammation of the mucous membrane of the lymph sinus, the glandular part of the phallus, and occasionally the cloaca and the peritoneum. Ne- crosis of the affected phallus can be severe if secon- dary pathogens are present. High numbers of infertile eggs and a high incidence of embryonic death are common in affected flocks. Large, bilateral, periocular masses were noted on feces of breeding birds showing embryonic mortality. Large quantities of necrotic debris were Infected adults develop fibrinous peritonitis, salpin- surgically removed from both intraorbital sinuses. Goslings from infected flocks The bird responded to postsurgical therapy with tylosin (courtesy and experimentally infected neonates can suffer from of Helga Gerlach). Although egg transmission has been proven, this means of transmission might play the most im- Budgerigar portant role.
Selye has written twelve books and hundreds of articles explaining his clinical studies and his "stress con- cept" of health and disease purchase forzest no prescription erectile dysfunction medications list. Suffice it to say that his findings are recognized by medical experts the world over buy forzest 20 mg with visa erectile dysfunction shot treatment. And if you wish to learn more of the work which led to his findings discount 20mg forzest visa erectile dysfunction pills at gnc, I suggest that you read Dr. Selye has proved is that the body itself is equipped to maintain it- self in health; to cure itself of disease, and to remain youthful by successfully coping with those factors which bring about what we call "old age. This elan vital, life force, or adaptation energy—call it whatever you will—manifests itself in many ways. The energy which heals a wound is the same energy which keeps all our other body organs functioning. When this energy is at an optimum all our organs function better, we "feel good," wounds heal faster, we are more "resis- tant" to disease, we recover from any sort of stress faster, ; we feel and act "younger," and in fact biologically we are younger. It is thus possible to correlate the various mani- festations of this life force, and to assume that whatever works to make more of this life force available to us; whatever opens to us a greater influx of "life stuff"; what- ever helps us utilize it better—literally helps us "all over. Whatever nonspecific therapy helps us over- come aches and pains, might, for example, improve eye- i sight. And this is precisely the direction which medical research is now taking and which appears most promis- ing. These "new" and "young" cells are then made into a tissue extract and injected into the patient. If the liver is malfunctioning, embryonic animal liver cells are used; if the kidneys are ailing, kidney tissue is used, etc. Although no one knows just why, there can be no doubt that some rather startling cures have been obtained. The theory is that these "young" cells somehow bring new life to the ailing human organ. Selye describes con- nective tissue as the "cement" which holds the body cells together and connects the various cells of the body with each other. Such an approach would, indeed, serve as a check against the aging process itself, keeping the individual at a younger age level by checking the rate of loss of his general resistance. It has been found to be much more active, for ex- ample, during infection, when the body needs additional defense. It has long been known that the body reacts rather violently, and quite often death results, from the injection of foreign pro- teins. Asian in Bucharest, that in- jections of a form of novocaine—H3—which appears to make old people feel younger, may be due to some chemi- cal in the disintegration of H3 in the body which stimu- lates. Nonspecific Therapy for Wound Healing Made Patients Feel Younger Salves, unguents, antibiotics, etc. Back in 1948 I began experimenting with a nonspecific therapy in the form of a serum which I hoped might accelerate the healing of surgical wounds. The results of these experiments were published in The Journal of Immunology, Vol. Effect of Antigranulation- Tissue-Serum on Wound Healing in Mice," by Maxwell Malta. Otherwise the scar tissue would con- tinue to grow until your finger became perhaps as long as your leg. These two mechanisms work together—simultaneously, to achieve just the right amount of new growth. If there is, at the moment, an excess of the "growth factor," this excess stimulates the "anti-growth" factor. On the other hand, a slight excess of the anti-growth factor should act as negative feedback to activate the growth factor— very much like the thermostat in your home maintains the right temperature. An excess of cold turns on the furnace to bring more heat, and an excess of heat turns off the fur- nace to lower the temperature. This back-and-forth, nip-and-tuck sort of control is active while healing is going on, but discontinues when the healing job has been completed. Some over-all con- trol then gives anti-growth the upper hand and the forma- tion of scar tissue stops altogether. Thus, there should be more anti-granulation "stuff" present in the final stages of healing—in the scab which has already completed its growth. Anti-Growth Serum Made Wounds Heal Faster My anti-granulation tissue serum was made from the scrapings of newly formed but full grown granulation tis- sue of a healing wound, which, after being suspended in solution, was injected into rabbits, to stimulate them to react against this granulation tissue. The serum, injected into the mouse at the point furthest from the wound, accelerated healing by about 40%. These results were encouraging and led to further re- finement of the serum for human use. At the time I began using this serum on human patients, I had no other hope than that it might accelerate the healing of surgical wounds. There are millions of women in the middle age group who have held down jobs for twenty years or more who suddenly meet the competition of younger people despite their experience and competence. Many of them have come for surgical help to remove the signs of age from their eyelids and face to make them look younger and hold onto their jobs for another ten years. What I had not anticipated, however, was the number of patients who received the serum and returned several months later to report that they felt younger, had more pep and energy, and that some of their aches and pains had disappeared. To prove anything, numerous experiments would have to be made under control conditions and scientific obser- vation. How Your Thoughts, Attitudes and Emotions Act as Nonspecific Therapy I began to look for other factors, or common denomina- tors, which might explain why the surgical wounds of • some patients heal faster than others. Frustration and emotional stress can be induced in mice, however, by immobilizing them so that they cannot have freedom of movement. Laboratory experiments have shown that under the emotional stress of frustration, very minor wounds may heal faster, but any real injury is made worse, and healing sometimes made impossible. How the Failure Mechanism Injures You Thus it might be said that frustration, and emotional stress (those factors we have previously described as the "failure mechanism") literally "add insult to injury" whenever the physical body suffers damage. If the physi- cal damage is very slight, some emotional stress may stimulate the defense mechanism into activity, but if there is any real or actual physical injury, emotional stress "adds to" and makes it worse. If "aging" is brought about by a "using up" of our adaptation energy, as most experts in the field seem to think, then our indulging ourselves in the negative components of the "Failure Mechanism" can literally make us old before our time. Philosophers have long told us, and now medical researchers confirm, that resentment and hatred hurt us more than the person we direct them against. There was, however, one easily recognizable characteristic which all the "rapid- healers" had in common. They were optimistic, cheerful "positive thinkers" who not only expected to "get well" in a hurry, but invari- ably had some compelling reason or need to get well quick. They had "something to look forward to" and not only "something to live for" but "something to get well for. In short, they epitomized those characteristics and atti- tudes which I have previously described as the "Success Mechanism.
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Virtual pediatric patients: a digital storytelling system for teaching common pediatric problems [Internet]. Book on the Internet with title ending in other than a period Te "bad bug book" [Internet]. Abriendo un camino genetico: familias y cientifcos se unen en la busqueda de genes defectuosos que causan enfermedades [Internet]. Abriendo un camino genetico: familias y cientifcos se unen en la busqueda de genes defectuosos que causan enfermedades [Blazing a genetic trial: families and scientists join in seeking the fawed genes that cause disease] [Internet]. La storia e la flosofa della scienza, della tecnologia e della medicina = Te history and philosophy of science, technology and medicine [Internet]. Veterinary public health and control of zoonoses in developing countries = Sante publique veterinaire et controle des zoonoses dans les pays en developpement = Salud publica veterinaria y control de zoonosis en paises en desarrollo [Internet]. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; 2003 [cited 2006 Nov 17]. Die Bedeutung der deutschen Arztevereine fur das wissenschafliche Leben, die medizinische Versorgung und soziale Belange der Stadt St. Leipzig (Germany): Universitat Leipzig, Karl-Sudhof- Institut fur Geschichte der Medizin und der Naturwissenschafen; 2000 [cited 2006 Nov 3]. Washington: George Washington University Medical Center, Center to Improve Care of the Dying; [cited 2006 Nov 1]. Approaches to diferential diagnosis in musculoskeletal imaging [monograph on the Internet]. Copenhagen: World Health Organization, Regional Ofce for Europe; c2003 [cited 2006 Nov 3]. London: Cancerbackup; c2003 [reviewed 2004 Sep 1; modifed 2006 Aug 17; cited 2006 Nov 3]. Te health care response to pandemic infuenza: a position paper of the American College of Physicians [Internet]. 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Book on the Internet with multiple years of publication or copyright American Phytopathological Society, Committee on Standardization of Common Names for Plant Diseases. Book on the Internet with date estimated Evaluation of health literacy work among libraries and community organizations in the New York City area: report highlights [Internet]. Fatigue reduction and management for the primary side-efects of cancer therapy [Internet]. London: Cancerbackup; c2003 [reviewed 2004 Sep 1; modifed 2006 Aug 17; cited 2006 Nov 3]. Book on the Internet with no date of publication or copyright Atlases of the brain [Internet]. Washington: George Washington University Medical Center, Center to Improve Care of the Dying; [cited 2006 Nov 1]. Guidelines for the production of scientifc and technical reports: how to write and distribute grey literature [Internet]. Rome (Italy): Grey Literature International Steering Committee; 2006 Mar [cited 2006 Nov 3]. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information; 2013 Apr [cited 2015 May 5]. Book on the Internet with a series Ziglio E, Barbosa R, Charpak Y, Turner S, editors. Copenhagen: World Health Organization, Regional Ofce for Europe; 2003 [cited 2006 Nov 3].
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